OSHA has defined the term “substances” as chemical elements and their compounds in the natural state or obtained by any production process, including any additive necessary to preserve the stability of the product and any impurities deriving from the process used, but excluding any solvent which may be separated without affecting the stability of the substance or changing its composition.
For the purposes of the HCS, a hazardous chemical means any chemical which is classified as a physical hazard or a health hazard, a simple asphyxiant, combustible dust, pyrophoric gas, or hazard not otherwise classified.
Physical hazards – a chemical that is classified as posing one of the following hazardous effects:
Health hazard – a chemical which is classified as posing one of the following hazardous effects:
The criteria for determining whether a chemical is classified as a health hazard are detailed in 1910.1200, Appendix A – Health Hazard Criteria.