The two essential control strategies employees use to eliminate or minimize the transmission of bloodborne diseases in the workplace are:
Engineering controls minimize exposure in the workplace either by removing or isolating the hazard, such as providing a sharps container for needles, splash guards, and mechanical pipetting devices.
Engineering controls are all about the equipment used to minimize exposure. The Sharps container for needles is a good example of an engineering control. Employers need to examine and maintain or replace engineering controls on a regularly scheduled basis.